Day 1 :
The Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Cracow University, Poland
Ewa Wilczek-Rużyczka is associate Professor and holds the positions of Head of Department of Health Psychology at Faculty of Psychology and Humaniteies at Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University.She maintains research in psychology of health, empathy and burnout amoung nurses and physicians also she is interested in gualityof life .Ewa Wilczek-Rużyczka is publishing her research in international and national jurnals also she is a member of the European Health Psychology Society.
Introduction & Objective: In nursing profession commitment, concern for the welfare of the patients, high sense of responsibility for the life and health of another person causes an excessive both psychological and physical burden, which in many cases lead to broadly defined stress and in consequence to burnout syndrome. The objective is to study the analysis of burnout, stress and life satisfaction and demonstrating the relationship between these variables in the group of surgical and psychiatric nurses.
Method: The research included 200 nurses. Research tools: Occupational burnout-Maslach Burnout Inventory, stress-the Stevan Hobfoll's Self-Assessment Questionnaire to measure stress, life satisfaction-Satisfaction with Life Scale, questionnaire of socio-demographic data.
Results: Stress and occupational burnout show to have an impact on life satisfaction of surgical nurses. Only some of the demographic variables demonstrate a relationship with the occurrence of burnout syndrome and stress, but they do not show a significant linkage to life satisfaction of the surveyed nurses. The lowered sense of personal achievement corresponds to higher life satisfaction among the participants of the study. In the context of work, stress plays a role of a mediator in the relationship between the life satisfaction and the second dimension of occupational burnout-depersonalization.
Conclusion: The obtained results clearly indicate that some action needs to be taken in order to prevent professional burnout. It is therefore sensible to start action already at university and include the subject of occupational burnout, its causes and ways of coping with it in the curriculum.
Spiritual Applications Research Centre of RERF of Brahmakumaris, India
Keynote: Effect of raja yoga meditation on psychological and functional outcomes in spinal cord injury patients
Time : 11:50-12:35
Ekta Chalageri is currently working as a Research Co-coordinator, Faculty Spiritual Application Research Centre, Prajapita Brahma Kumaris Ishwariya Vishwa Vidyalaya, India and also pursuing her Master degree and simultaneously proceeding for Internship in Research Methodology
To explore new dimensions for healing through Raja Yoga Meditation (RYM) in Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) patients along with their caregivers in order to increase quality of life with inner strength. This is pre-post observational study with two arms: Patients with conventional rehabilitation with RYM and patients with only conventional rehabilitation. Caregivers also assessed pre-post intervention to find effect of RYM. A total of 100 SCI patients and 100 caregivers were recruited based on eligibility criteria and ready to give consent for the study. The age of SCI patients ranged from 16 years to 60 years. 50 subjects were assigned in each group. The duration of study was 4 weeks. The sessions were conducted for 6 days per week. Meditation practice was done for 20 minutes through a guided commentary and motivation was given through Brahma Kumaris spiritual knowledge for 25 minutes. Pre and post assessment was done using standard tools namely Perceived stress Scale (PSS), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score (HADS), Scale (HADS), Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM), WHO Quality of Life BREF (WHOQOL-BREF), Numeric Pain Rating (NPR). Out of all parameters studied, PSS (p<0.001), HADS (p=0.001), QOL-BREF (p<0.001), showed statistically significant changes for patients measured before and after the intervention in both the arms. SCIM (p=0.513) and NPR (p=0.055), significant changes were observed within the arm measured pre-post assessment; however they did not show the significant difference between intervention and control arm. Caregivers parameter studied PSS (p<0.001), HADS (p=0.004) and observed significant changes in both the arms. Significant differences were observed in psychological scales before and after raja yoga meditation for patients and Caregivers. It suggests the use of RYM might help SCI patients for better and early recovery.
Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University, Poland
Time : 10:00-10:45
Alicja Glebocka is a professor of clinical and social psychology. She is a Chair of Department of Clinical Psychology at Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University in Cracow, Poland. Her scientific interests focus on issues connected with health psychology, especially: stress, burnout syndrome, dehumanization, and effectiveness of health care system. She is interested in the meaning of cognition in the ability to identify and adequately assess dehumanized behaviors. She also studies psychological mechanisms responsible for creating attitudes toward euthanasia. She explores numerous psychological factors responsible for the process, also in the context of fear of death and dying. For many years she have been conducted research of quality of life and health among elderly people. Another part of her scientific activity is connected with body image and eating disorders. She has published numerous papers in this area. She received the Literary Portal “Granice” 2015 prize for the best psychological book on physical attractiveness. She is the author and co-author of psychological questionnaires, including Body Image Questionnaires, The Scale of Attitudes toward Euthanasia, and The Scale of Behavioral Indicators of Dehumanization. Her methods are used by polish and foreign scientists. Her research has been funded by the European and Polish Commission. She actively participates in international conferences of medicine and psychology.
Dehumanization in medicine is one of the most dangerous phenomenon in the world health care system. Treating patients as nonhuman beings, aggressive behaviours toward them, inflicting pain and suffering instead of empathy and compassion influence negatively the quality of patients' life. People suffering from mental disorder seem to be exceptionally vulnerable to be victims of dehumanizing behaviours. Probably because of the lack of skills to recognize properly the social relationship, they are not able to identify dehumanizing behaviours and stand up to them. The aim of this study was to exam the evaluation of dehumanizing behaviours done by patients of mental hospital in relation to their cognition processes. The study included 60 participants, 30 of them were treated for depression, anxiety disorders and addiction (research group), 30 healthy people were included into the control group. Dehumanized Behavior Scale by Glebocka, Ruzyczka and selected tests from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale were used. The results indicated that patients were more tolerant for latent dehumanization and had lower level of understanding social values and norms than the control group. There were no differences between groups in the evaluation of patent dehumanization, verbal comprehension and logical thinking. Regression Analysis confirmed that understanding social situation is a significant predictor of the evaluation of latent dehumanization.